Residential construction nearly always includes concrete in some form and to some extent. Concrete is used in footings, foundations walls, floor slabs, retaining walls, sidewalks, driveways and patios. Concrete is strong, durable and economical material whose appearance can be altered in many ways to make it decorative as well as functional.
Residential Concrete for the House
Eight out of 10 new homes in New Zealand have a concrete slab floor. A reinforced concrete slab, designed and constructed with New Zealand made seismic grade reinforcing steel, will offer enhanced performance throughout its life, including during earthquakes.
Concrete slabs do not require the same extensive site excavation and ground clearance as alternative flooring materials, and therefore offer advantages in both meeting town planning height restrictions and reducing labour costs.
Combined with its ability to help reduce a home’s heating and cooling requirements, floor durability, fire resistance, sound insulation, value for money and a huge variety of decorative finishes make it the only option.
Concrete allows excellent design versatility, it can be moulded into shapes and have textures and patterns, decorative surface finishes (polished, coloured, dyed, etc). A range of construction systems are available – cast in-situ, precast, tilt-up and concrete masonry.
Concrete offers itself to extremely efficient construction methods such as entire homes being made from precast panels and concrete masonry. Alternatively, concrete can be used selectively in individual sections such as floors, beams, walls, panels, stairs and columns.
Concrete does not rot or rust, is fire resistant, is low-maintenance, protects against extreme weather (flood and wind resilience), offers security, provides thermal mass comfort, offers acoustic insulation and is essentially cost competitive at time of construction and over the house’s life.
Residential Concrete Pavements
The simple purpose of residential pavements that include driveways, patios and pathways is to allow safe and straight forward access onto or around the house and property. Concrete is not only utilised to provide a durable surface to allow surface water run off but also can be combined to compliment the design and landscaping of the house by the wide range of decorative finishes available.
The construction of concrete pavement on ground is reasonably simple however there are numerous areas that need to be taken into account to end up with a product that fulfils both the working and visual requirements needed by the house owner.
These areas include:
- Planning for drainage, ground conditions, adjacent objects and suitable concrete surface finish.
- Design of concrete strength, abrasion resistance, colour, pavement width and thickness, reinforcement detail and crack control.
- Construction of the pavement from correct sub grade preparation, formwork and reinforcement fixing, placing, finishing and curing of concrete and joint installation.
EverSure’s quality and consistency makes it an ideal choice for essentially every residential concrete requirement.